An early statement of the Dunning-Kruger effect

The Dunning-Kruger effect

is a cognitive bias in which unskilled individuals suffer from illusory superiority, mistakenly rating their ability much higher than average. This bias is attributed to a metacognitive inability of the unskilled to recognize their mistakes.

I came across an early statement of it:

“The problem with the world is that the intelligent people are full of doubts, while the stupid ones are full of confidence.”

― Charles Bukowski

One imagines that one could find a recognition of the effect as early as Aristotle, or maybe even Hammurabi.

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1 comment
C. Van Carter says August 28, 2012

“The best lack all conviction, while the worst / Are full of passionate intensity.”

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