Mitochondrial Theory of Aging: Importance to Explain Why Females Live Longer Than Males

Mitochondrial Theory of Aging: Importance to Explain Why Females Live Longer Than Males

Females live longer than males in many species, including humans. This can be explained on the basis of the mitochondrial theory of aging. Mitochondria from females produce significantly less hydrogen peroxide than those from males and have higher levels of mitochondrial reduced glutathione, manganese superoxide dismutase, and glutathione peroxidase than males. Oxidative damage to mitochondrial DNA is also fourfold higher in males than in females. These differences may be explained by estrogens. Ovariectomy abolishes the gender differences between males and females and estrogen replacement rescues the ovariectomy effect. The challenge for the future is to find molecules that have the beneficial effects of estradiol, but without its feminizing effects. Phytoestrogens or phytoestrogen-related molecules may be good candidates to meet this challenge.

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DdR says August 7, 2013

Soy contains a chock-full of phytoestrogens and has been linked to longevity, yet tofu purportedly shrinks the brain. Okinawans consume a prodigious amount of tofu and are one of the longest-lived peoples on the planet. Why so many contradictions with soy?

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Creh says September 25, 2013

Yes, very important to have science find out how to extend and improve male longevity.

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